Gresham OR Homes For Sale
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Gresham /ˈɡrɛʃəm/ is a city located in Multnomah County, Oregon, United States, immediately east of Portland. Though it began as a settlement in the mid-1800s, it was not officially incorporated as a city until 1905, by which it was named after the American Civil War general, and Postmaster General, Walter Quinton Gresham.
The city’s early economy was sustained largely by farming, and by the mid-20th century, experienced a population boom, growing from four-thousand residents to over ten-thousand between 1960 and 1970. The population was 105,594 at the 2010 census, making Gresham the fourth largest city in Oregon.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $43,442, and the mean income for a family was $51,126. Males had a median income of $37,701 versus $27,744 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,588. About 8.4% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under the age of 18 and 6.7% of those 65 and older.
- 2005-2007 American Community Survey Estimates
- 83.9% – White (71.1 non-Hispanic White)
- 18.3% – Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
- 5.1% – Asian
- 5.1% – Some other race
- 4.7% – American Indian or Alaska Native
- 3.7% – African American or Black
- 0.3% – Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
The City of Gresham operates under the council-manager form of government. The mayor and city council are elected to be the legislative and policy-making body for the city.
The council appoints a city manager who is responsible for the daily operations of the city. The city manager of Gresham is Erik Kvarsten, was appointed to the position on August 1, 2004.
The city council consists of the mayor and six councilors, all of whom serve four-year terms. Elections are held in November of even-numbered years. In elections in years divisible by four, (e.g. 2000, 2004, 2008), three councilors are elected. In elections in years not divisible by four, (e.g. 1998, 2002, 2006), the other three councilors and the mayor are elected.
Gresham is served by three school districts: Centennial, Gresham-Barlow, and Reynolds. High schools include Gresham High School,Barlow High School, Centennial High School, and Reynolds High School. Private schools include Portland Adventist Elementary School, Eastside Christian School, and Morningstar Montessori school.
Mount Hood Community College is also located in Gresham, and is the only college located in the city limits. It offers associate degrees, as well as Bachelor’s programs through a partnership with Eastern Oregon University. According to the US Census, 27.16% of the Gresham residents had a Bachelor’s degree, while 9.93% had earned a master’s degree or above.